Vietnam War Timeline: 1969 - 1970
Richard M. Nixon becomes President replacing Lyndon Johnson.
Henry Kissinger becomes the new Secretary of State.
March ‘Vietnamization’ of the war is announced by Secretary of Defence Melvin Laird
U.S. military personnel peak at 543,400.
101st Airborne battle of Ap Bia which becomes known as ‘Hamburger Hill’.
Nixon announces the withdrawal of 25,000 troops from Vietnam.
9th Infantry (less 3rd Brigade) returns home.
Ho Chi Minh dies at the age of 79 in Hanoi.
My Lai massacre revealed
Lt. William Calley will go on trial by General Court Marshall.
3rd Marine Division withdraws from Vietnam.
3rd Brigade 82nd Airborne Division leaves Vietnam.
475,200 U.S. military personnel left in Vietnam, a decline of 68,200.
U.S. Navy pilot Lt. Everett Alvarez Jr. spends his 2000th day as a POW.
Alvarez was shot down on 5th August 1964 during Operation Pierce Arrow, the air
strikes launched against North Vietnam in retaliation for the
Tonkin Gulf incidents.
Kissinger begins secret peace talks in Paris
Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia over thrown by General Lon Nol.
Marine Regiment, 5th Marine Division departs Vietnam.
1st Infantry Division leaves Vietnam.
The Cambodian ‘incursion’ begins to attack and clear out the NVA sanctuaries where
the NVA have large supply and staging bases. It is also an attempt to capture COSVN,
the communist’s ‘Central Office for South Vietnam’. Although the NVA withdraw before
the US and ARVN troops can engage them, captured prisoners reveal that they knew
a couple of days earlier from their spies in Saigon.
Four students are killed at Kent State University in Ohio during an anti-war rally.
Phnom Penh is virtually cut of by communist forces.
Khmer Republic is proclaimed by the communists.
3rd Brigade 9th Infantry returns home.
21st Nov. U.S. Special Forces perform an audacious raid
on the Son Tay POW camp a few miles outside Hanoi, no prisoners are liberated as
they were moved a few days earlier due to flooding.
4th Infantry leaves Vietnam along with the 1st Logistic Command.
25th Infantry Division (less 2nd Brigade) return home.
44th Medical Brigade also leave Vietnam.
Congress prohibits US combat forces or advisors from Cambodia or Laos
U.S. military personnel now total 334,600.